Despite numerous attempts to teach him, John struggles with sounding words. When he attempts to read on the page, he guesses or uses context cues. He has been labeled as “dyslexic.”
A primary cause of decoding and spelling problems is difficulty judging sounds within words. This is called weak phonemic awareness. Weak phonemic awareness causes individuals to add, omit, substitute, and reverse sounds and letters within words.
Many children and adults experience the symptoms of weak phonemic awareness.
This causes weakness in:
- Recognizing sameness/difference of phonemes
Discriminating the identity, number, and order
of sounds within words
The LiPS® Program teaches students to discover and label the oral-motor movements of phonemes. Students can then verify the identity, number, and sequence of sounds in words.
Once established, phonemic awareness is then applied to reading, spelling, and speech.